Albendazole Ip / Bp / Usp
Albendazole, is a medication used for the treatment of a variety of parasitic worm infestations. It is useful for giardiasis, trichuriasis, filariasis, neurocysticercosis, hydatid disease, pinworm disease, and ascariasis, among others.
It is taken by mouth. Common side effects include nausea, abdominal pains, and headaches. Potentially serious side effects include bone marrow suppression which usually improves on stopping the medication. As a vermicidal, albendazole causes degenerative alterations in the intestinal cells of the worm by binding to the colchicine-sensitive site of tubulin, thus inhibiting its polymerization or assembly into microtubules.
The loss of the cytoplasmic microtubules leads to impaired uptake of glucose by the larval and adult stages of the susceptible parasites, and depletes their glycogen stores. Degenerative changes occur in the endoplasmic reticulum, the mitochondria of the germinal layer, and the subsequent release of lysosomes results in a decreased production of ATP. Due to diminished ATP production, the parasite is immobilized and eventually dies.
- Formula C12H15N3O2S
- Molar mass 265.333 g/mol
- Melting point 208 to 210 (406 to 410)
||25kg/drum with double plastic bags inside; packed in a cardboard drum or fiber HDPE drum.
||Stored in a clean, cool, dry area; keep away from moisture and strong, direct light/heat
||5 years if sealed and store away from direct sun light.